Ocean & Coastal Policy Program Research

Coastal Blue Carbon

Coastal habitats are under increasing threat of destruction. These habitats store large amounts of carbon in their vegetation and soil; when disturbed, this stored carbon—known as coastal blue carbon—can be released in the form of greenhouse gases. Research at the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions examines the economic and scientific challenges that need to be addressed to determine whether payments for blue carbon may one day help conserve mangroves, seagrass meadows, and salt marshes.

Ecosystem Services

Through the Marine Ecosystem Services Partnership, the Ocean and Coastal Policy Program holds high-level advisory roles in a number of international efforts to improve understanding of marine living resources. The partnership hosts a searchable database of coastal and marine valuation studies and informs its community of practice on the Ecosystem Commons through regular updates on marine ecosystem service news and events.

Deep Sea Management

The Ocean and Coastal Program is working with collaborators on research that seeks to find a robust scientific foundation for deep-sea management. Current work includes collaboration on the fundamentals of deep-sea restoration and a comparative lifecycle analysis of deep-sea mining and terrestrial mining.