Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions
January 2024

Emerging Roles for Finance in River Restoration and Resilience

Resilience and Riverine Landscapes cover

River restoration has primarily relied on public sources for funding projects, such as agency-based grants and philanthropy. More recently, there is growing interest in the potential role of private finance to offset the declines in public funding and to potentially increase the scale and scope of river restoration overall. This chapter, part of the book Resilience and Riverine Landscapes, reviews broad concepts in finance and then describes two broad types of private sector approaches to capitalizing restoration projects: voluntary markets and regulatory markets.