Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions
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Energy Efficiency

The purpose of energy efficiency is to reduce the amount of energy required to maintain or improve functionality and comfort while lowering customer cost. Increasing energy efficiency might involve using a new technology, such as a "smart," programmable thermostat, or reimagining a process to lessen overall demand, such as implementing an energy management system for industrial and commercial energy users. Energy efficient products and practices can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality, while lowering costs to consumers.

The Nicholas Institute is working to help policy makers and investors make consumer-conscious decisions that promote energy efficiency at the local, state, and national levels. For instance, experts from the Climate and Energy Program engaged more than 100 stakeholders in a year-long process to develop the North Carolina Energy Efficiency Roadmap. The plan provides a comprehensive list of recommendations to make energy efficiency a statewide standard for North Carolina. The North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality was a partner in this project and has included a number of the Roadmap recommendations in the state‚Äôs 2019 Clean Energy Plan.


North Carolina Energy Efficiency Roadmap

The North Carolina Energy Efficiency Roadmap is a guide developed by the Nicholas Institute to help the state implement new solutions, remove barriers, and achieve its energy efficiency potential. 

North Carolina Power Sector Carbon Policies

The North Carolina power sector is poised for transition. Economics have driven big changes on the grid, making cleaner options for electricity generation cost competitive with traditional resources such as fossil fuels.

South Carolina Energy Efficiency Roadmap

Energy efficiency (EE) is widely considered a least-cost option for meeting energy demand while reducing energy costs and carbon emissions.