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Publications Produced by the Nicholas Institute

Publications produced solely by the Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability carry a creative commons license, unless otherwise specified. Individuals may—for educational and informational purposes only—copy, display, and distribute these materials or include them in derivative works as long as they:

  • Clearly attribute the material with the appropriate copyright.
  • Provide a link to the specific page on from which the material was obtained (landing pages rather than PDF links) to ensure access to the latest available information.
  • Indicate if any modifications were made, as may be the case, for example, with figures, tables, and images.

Attribution example:

Adapted from Annual Water Consumption, “Visualizing Changes in Water Consumption During the Pennsylvania Coal-to-Gas Transition,” Copyright © 2017 Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability.

Publication citation example:

Gumerman, Etan, and Tibor Vegh. 2017. “Modeling Energy Efficiency as a Supply Resource.” NI WP 17-06. Durham, NC: Duke University.

Third Party Materials

Permission must be sought to use any material from third parties (e.g., publications housed on publisher websites). Please abide by the specific copyright terms of those parties. Permission must also be sought for some elements of Nicholas Institute-copyrighted publications—specifically, third-party photographs, figures and tables, and figure and table data. Owners of that material should be contacted for permission. Check the source information below images, figures, and tables to identify these third parties.

Contact Information

If you have questions regarding citation and re-use of content or if you plan to use material in a manner not covered by our general copyright, please contact us.