Publications Produced by the Nicholas Institute

Publications produced solely by the Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability carry a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 license unless otherwise specified. Individuals may copy, display, and distribute these materials or include them in derivative works as long as they:

  • Clearly attribute the material with the appropriate copyright.
  • Provide a link to the specific landing page(s) on from which the material was obtained (not PDF links) to ensure access to the latest available information.
  • Indicate if any modifications were made, as may be the case with figures, tables, and images.
  • Do not sell or otherwise restrict access to the material or its derivatives behind a paywall.

Attribution example:

Adapted from Karasik, R., J. Virdin, and J. Wilson, eds. 2023. Plastics Policy Inventory. Durham, NC: Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability, Duke University.

Publication citation example:

Clark, J., and A. Ward. 2023. Defining Extreme Heat as a Hazard: A Review of Current State Hazard Mitigation Plans. NI R 23-03. Durham, NC: Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability, Duke University.

Third-Party Materials

Permission must be sought to use any material from third parties (e.g., publications housed on publisher websites or publications where the Nicholas Institute does not claim copyright). Copyright ownership is clearly identified on each publication landing page. Please abide by the specific copyright terms of third parties. Permission must also be sought for some elements of Nicholas Institute–copyrighted publications—specifically, third-party photographs, figures and tables, and figure and table data. Owners of that material should be contacted for permission. Consult the source information below images, figures, and tables to identify these third parties.

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