Many resources offer information about existing policies targeting plastic pollution. While we have reviewed them, we have not been able to find every policy document referenced in these resources to add to the plastics policy inventory. If you are unable to find a policy document for an area of interest, consider the following documents and databases:
A Regional Response to a Global Problem: Single Use Plastics Regulation in the Countries of the Pacific Alliance
This paper documents plastic policies and plans adopted by countries in the Pacific Alliance: Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Ecuador and Peru. It includes a number of multinational agreements, national legislation, and local ordinances, all in relation to plastic pollution mitigation at all stages of the plastic life cycle.
An information service on environmental law run by FAO, IUCN, and UNEP. ECOLEX is a database of treaties, treaty decisions, legislations, jurisprudence, and literature, where you can either search for policies directly, or use key words and filter by geographic area, language, year, country, and/or subject.
Evaluation of Legal Strategies for the Reduction of Plastic Bag Consumption
This report, a 2018 Master’s degree thesis, includes an appendix of proposed and implemented national and subnational policies targeting plastic bags through bans, levies, and voluntary intiatiatves, among others. Though it does not directly link to policy documents, it includes details and background information on their status, and in some cases, some data on policy effectiveness.
The FAOLEX database is a legislative database for any policies on food, agriculture, and natural resources management. Here, policies can be searched for directly or by using the advanced search, policies can be browsed by keyword and filter by geographic region and subject.
InforMEA is a United Nations run database on Multilateral Environmental Agreements. It contains a vast array of treaties, plans, agreements, legislation, and court decisions that can be filtered by geographic region, country, environmental topics (biological diversity, chemicals and waste, climate and atmosphere, environmental governance, land and agriculture, and marine and freshwater).
OECD PINE Database
This portal on Policy Instruments for the Environment gathers key quantitative and qualitative on different policy instruments (taxes/fees/charges, tradeable permits, deposit-refund systems, environmental subsidies, and voluntary approaches) in nearly 100 countries. Countries in the database are both members and non-members of OECD.
Plastic Pollution Coalition Legislative Toolkit
This digital platform contains over 1,000 pieces of legislation on subnational, national, and international scales that directly relate to plastic policy. Bag bans, bottle bans, taxes and fees, extended producer responsibility programs, and many more plastic policy instruments are covered by the platform.
Policies, Regulations and Strategies in Latin America and the Caribbean to Prevent Marine Litter and Plastic Waste
This information report by the UNEP was used to find recent policies combatting marine litter and plastic waste in Latin American and Caribbean countries. From pages 8-29, the report listed and described many different international, national, and subnational policies and initiatives that have been enacted in Latin America and the Caribbean. For some countries, it included policies that were being drafted at the time the report was written.
Tackling Plastic Pollution: Legislative Guide for the Regulation of Single-Use Plastic Products
This UNEP paper lists outlines the most used regulatory approaches and illustrates examples of actions taken by governments around the world, including sample legal provisions. This guide is a tool to help legislators and policymakers explore options for reducing the harmful impacts of single- use plastic products by regulating all stages of the plastic life cycle.
UNEP Global Partnership on Marine Litter Digital Platform
UNEP GPML is a digital, open-source, multi-stakeholder platform that compiles different resources, connects stakeholders and integrates data to guide action on key environmental issues globally. All stages in the plastic life cycle are covered by the database, with policies that span a number of regions and geographic areas.
To share other papers or databases with relevant policies targeting plastic policies that could be added to this list, please contact Rachel Karasik.